A cigarette is a tobacco product manufactured out
of cured and finely cut tobacco leaves, which are rolled or stuffed into a
paper-wrapped cylinder (generally less than 120 mm in length and 10 mm in
diameter). The cigarette is ignited at one end and allowed to smoulder for the
purpose of inhalation of its smoke from the other (usually filtered) end, which
is inserted in the mouth. They are sometimes smoked with a cigarette holder.
(See also Bidi).
A cigar is a tightly rolled bundle of dried and
fermented tobacco, one end of which is ignited so that its smoke may be drawn
into the smoker's mouth through the other end.
The word cigar is from the Spanish word cigarro, which the Oxford English
Dictionary suggests is a variation on cigarra, Spanish for "cicada," due to its
shape, especially that of what is now called the perfecto. Other sources have
indicated that it may be derived from the Mayan word sikar, "tobacco."
Cigar tobacco is grown in significant quantities in such nations as Brazil,
Cameroon, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Honduras, Indonesia, Mexico, Nicaragua and
the United States of America. Cigars manufactured in Cuba have historically been
considered to be without peer, although many experts believe that the best
offerings from Honduras and Nicaragua rival those from Cuba. The Cuban
reputation arises from both the unique characteristics of the Vuelta Abajo
region in the Pinar del Río Province at the west of the island, where a
microclimate allows for high-quality tobacco to be grown, and the skill of the
Cuban cigar makers.
A smoking pipe is a device used for smoking
combustible substances such as tobacco or cannabis. The smoking pipe typically
consists of a small chamber (the bowl) for the combustion of the substance to be
smoked and a thin stem (shank) that ends in a mouthpiece (also called a bit).
Pipes are made from a variety of materials, the most common being (in order of
use): briar, corncob, meerschaum, African block meerschaum,
clay, cherry, wood, glass, gourd, bamboo (as in the Japanese Kiseru), and
various other materials, such as morta and metal Many pipes are carved with a
great deal of artistry.
Tobaccos used for smoing pipes are often treated and blended to achieve flavour
nuances not available in other tobacco products. Many of these are blends using
staple ingredients of variously cured Burley and Virginia tobaccos which are
enhanced by spice tobaccos, among them many Oriental or Balkan varietals,
Latakia (a fire-cured spice tobacco of Cypriot or Syrian origin), Perique
(uniquely grown in St. James Parish, Louisiana) or blends of Virginia and Burley
tobaccos of African, Indian, or South American origins. Traditionally, many U.S.
blends are made of American Burley with sweeteners and flavorings added to
create an "aromatic" flavor, whereas "English" blends are based on natural
Virginia tobaccos enhanced with Oriental and other natural tobaccos. There is a
growing tendency towards "natural" tobaccos which derive their aromas from
artful blending with selected spice tobaccos only and careful, often
historically-based, curing processes.
Pipes can range from the very simple machine-made briar pipe to highly-prized
handmade and artful implements created by renowned pipemakers which can be very
expensive collector's items.
Many find that the enjoyment of smoking pipe tobacco is greatly increased by the
wearing of specific, and preferably matching, smoking attire (see slippers,
dressing gowns, smoking cap and smoking jacket.
A hookah is a traditional Middle Eastern or South
Asian device for smoking, which operates by water-filtration and indirect heat.
It can be used for smoking many substances, such as tobacco, and herbal fruits.
Hookah smoking is most popular in the Middle East, but is currently gaining
popularity in other parts of the wor.
Hookah smoking is considered to be safer than other forms of smoking due to
water-filtration. However, the water does not filter out many of the toxins, and
several negative health effects were still linked to hookah smoking. One study
found Hookah smoke to be both clastogenic and genotoxic for human beings.
Another study showed that the CO hazard is as high with hookah smoking as with
cigarette smoking. In addition to the cancer risk, there is some risk of
infectious disease resulting from pipe sharing, and other harm caused by any
addition of alcohol or psychoactive drugs to the tobacco.